Glossary

Cultural Software
the all-encompassing term for software that: “Supports actions we normally associate with culture” (p21) This includes:

  • Single desktop applications (After Effects)
  • Network services (Facebook) and the programs and databases they use
  • Clients (programs used to email, chat, upload…)

Design Process
A collective term for the research and development journey undertaken to come to a final design, or piece of work. A good example of this is the life.peace design process from Ahn Sang-Soo in Things I like #001


Esoteric
adjective
Intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest.

Ethnography
A form of primary research that requires first hand observation of human behaviour.

Emic Ethnography
A subjective, insider account. eg, In a study on the behaviour of graphic designers, the emical side to your ethnographic research would be to interview graphic designers about their own behaviour.

Etic Ethnography
An objective, outsider account. eg, In a study on the behaviour of graphic designers, the etical side to your ethnographic research would be to interview families or friends of graphic designers about the subject’s behaviour.


Facsimile
An exact copy of a written piece of work or picture, usually a hard copy. (This is where the word fax originated)

Folksonomy
A system of organising media with user applied tags, examples can be seen in Twitter, Tumblr and Instagram among others. This is opposed to Taxonomy, which is a hierarchical categorisation that utilises layers of categories and sub categories and has an overriding structure. See Metadata.


Human Condition, The
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Media Software
As defined by Lev Manovich in Software Takes Command, Media Software is an umbrella term for a sub-set of software used for creating, editing and organizing media content.

Metadata
Data that describes or gives meaning to another set of data. Tags, Shares, Comments, Likes, Views.


Pastiche
Artistic work that emulates the style of another.